A new laptop ! Great, let’s install a new Linux Fedora version. Insteresting to see that from 4 years ago, the version number has jumped from 23 to 32. 10 version in 4 years. Anyway. This is surely for the best !
So, first step: get a USB key with at least 1.8Gb.
Then, download the file. Here I just downloading the Fedora 32 for x86_64 computer: download . The file is now available locally.
You will need to copy it to the USB key making sure the key is bootable. This can be done with mediawriter tool from fedora. Just install it (dnf install mediawriter).
Once, ready, reboot the laptop. Right at the beginning, before linux or windws starts, just press F2 to enter into the bios. There, select the USB key at the main boot device. Save and exit.
Fedora should now start from the USB. Following the instructions, you will need to select the harddrive on which to install fedora. In my case, I completely got rid of windows. Yet, before that I could not select any disk to install fedora. So, reboot, press F2 to enter into the bios again. There, you need to change the SATA Operation in the BIOS from RAID On to AHCI. Save and exit. Now it works, the disk is detected. Fedora drive you threough the rest of the installation.
First update the system … yes, even though you’ve just installed it. This may take a while:
dnf install update
Some packages are not available (for fedora policy reasons) and need to be added manually. Let us add the “free repository” and “non-free” repository
sudo dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm
sudo dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm
You may also want to change your /etc/dnf/dnf.conf file to speed up future updates (by just checking the difference with previous version). Just add those two lines:
On a daily basis, I use those tools and so I installed them straight away (you may skip this step):
dnf install git vim meld gvim
Concerning git, yo may want to configure it straightaway by adding your username and email:
git config --global user.name "Your Name"
git config --global user.email "toto@gmail"
A tool to install common software and tweak the interface is available. It is called fedy. To install it, type:
sudo dnf copr enable kwizart/fedy
Then, type fedy to install fedy tool. Fedy is a front end user interface to help you tweak your fedora system. Check the apps and developments tools for programs to be installed. Personally, I installed pycharm (editor for python and more), slack and skype.
I also install the Adobe flash from the utilities tab for firefox and chrome as well as the multimedia codecs and microsoft truetype core fonts
Finally, fedy is useful to tweak gnomes.
How to minimize / maximize the windows
- Start gnome-tweaks
- go to the window titlebars tab
- switch on the maximise and minimise titlebar buttons.
Other gnome tuning
- Start tweak gnome.
- Change the top bar>clock and set weekday and seconds
- Change the top bar>battery Percentage on
- In Extensions, swith on the “Applications menu”
Installing acroread for fedora 32:
You need to install some dependencies before:
sudo dnf install libstdc++.so.6 libpthread.so.0 libgdk_pixbuf-2.0.so.0 libGLU.so.1 libxml2.so.2 libXt.so.6 libatk-1.0.so.2 libfontconfig.so.1 libgtk-x11-2.0.so.0 libpangox-1.0.so.0 libidn.so.11 libgdk_pixbuf_xlib-2.0.so.6
sudo dnf install AdbeRdr9.5.5-1_i486linux_enu.rpm
Here you may have annoying warnings:
GTk-warning unable to locate theme engine in module_path: "adwaita", failed to load module pk-gtk-module and canberra-gtk module.
dnf install libcanberra-gtk2.i686 should solve the last warning.
This is an issue gtk2/gtk3. Both are installed under /usr/lib64/gtk-2.0 and /usr/lib64/gtk-3.0 and they both have a sub directory called modules/ check whether the pk-gtk, canberra are present.
In the gtk3 version, there is no pk-gtk file so let us look for gtk3 missing package. A dnf search showed a file called PackageKit-gtk3-module-1.1.9-3.fc28.i686
sudo dnf install PackageKit-gtk3-module-1.1.9-3.fc32.i686
Note that there are two flavor (i686 and x86_64). This solved my problem. Next the adwaita warning…
sudo dnf install gnome-themes-extra
vlc to watch videos
sudo dnf install vlc